ART BALANCE AND COMPOSITION ... PRINCIPLES & ELEMENTS TO CREATE BALANCED DRAWINGS.
Balance your figures properly. Don't rake them appear as if they seem about to tip over ;`If you find it difficult to do so, then draw up and down lines upon your cardboard ('as indicated by dotted lines) where the figures are to stand. These lines will guide you in keeping the figures plumb.
An unbalanced object or scene causes discomfort in a viewer, so, unless this is a desired effect, we should strive to ensure that our images are balanced. For physical objects, they will balance on a scale if they have equal weight, not equal size. For an image, the unit of measure is visual interest, i.e., our image should be balanced by visual interest. Balance by visual interest can be achieved in a variety of ways, as discussed below. Visual balance is achieved about both the horizontal and the vertical axes.
Balance is concerned with the distribution of visual interest -- what is where in a composition.
When looking at a picture, there exists an unconscious action in the viewer's mind to divide the space in half; to want the visual object's to find balance much the same way equal weight on the end of a teeter totter balances.
In visual balance, we are accustomed to horizontal balance - left and right sides. Consider vertical balance also - horizontal axis dividing top and bottom. With our sense of gravity, we are accustomed to seeing more weight toward the bottom. When the main distribution of weight is higher, the image becomes more unstable and dynamic.
In this Lesson, we will consider only two forms of balance: one that is symmetrical and one that is not. But before we get into the meat of the discussion, we’re going to let Aidan and his brother Callum teach us about balance.
Picture space, or picture composition, should be dynamic. Generally, you should avoid having dead zones in your photography. These zones occur as large dark objects or large bright objects at or near the center of the image and also contribute to a sense of poor balance within that image.
Continuing our Art Foundations study/review, depending upon which class is doing this, we considered the importance of the art principle balance--the distribution of "weight" or activity in a composition, in these respects
To understand balance, think of the balance beam. When objects are of equal weight, they are in balance. If you have several small items on one side, they can be balanced by a large object on the other side. Visual balance works in much the same way. It can be affected not only by the size of objects, but also their value (ie. lightness or darkness, termed visual weight).
It is the harmony of the diverse parts, their symmetry, their happy balance; in a word it is all that introduces order, all that gives unity, that permits us to see clearly and to comprehend at once both the ensemble and the details. Jules H. Poincare - was a French mathematician and theoretical physicist, and a philosopher of science.
Underlying most of the layouts on the previous pages are three related aspects of page layout and balance. These are layout principles that help the designer achieve arrangements with visual balance.
What is balance? Does it mean all things have to be equal? Well, yes and no. There are basically two types of balance. Formal balance is the balancing on opposite sides of a given point, either by one or more elements that are identical or very similar. Think of a nice formal portrait of someone staring straight ahead. If you were to fold this picture in half, it would look the same on both sides.