RULE OF THIRDS / GOLDEN RATIO / DIVINE PROPORTION for BETTER ART & DESIGN COMPOSITION
Some artists are proportioning their works to approximate the Golden ratio. Special form of the golden ratio is golden rectangle, in which the ratio of the longer side to the shorter is the golden ratio. It has been said that the Golden Rectangle is the most visually satisfying of all geometric forms. The strange thing is that we don’t know why human eye likes it.
Composition is one of the most challenging yet powerful and exciting aspects of painting. It is the technical foundation of your painting. Without it, paintings visually fall apart. Careful consideration of the composition before putting paint to surface will make your session more enjoyable, and contribute to the success of your painting.
Pleasing shapes, interesting coincidences, existential ramifications, and some mathematics reality... using this unique set of mathematical concepts can create an innate linear balance when used formally for composing your artwork. This is one of those weird places where science interacts with visual aesthetics, philosophy, and the meaning of life. Maybe.
This isn't really intended to be an assignment, but if you take all of this in and try to put it into practice, it will vastly improve your compositional skills.
We all know beauty is in the eye of the beholder but is our perception of beauty ingrained into our DNA or is it taught to us? The answer is most likely both. What is taught is transient and changes over time like the latest fashion trend. Things that are ingrained are harder to quantify and qualify as it is subconscious. You just know when you see something is beautiful but lack the vocabulary to articulate it. I’ll try to lay out the means in which you can critique your instincts.
Understanding this unwritten language not only makes you a better photographer but will enable those who view your images to get greater satisfaction from them through their greater depth and meaning.
The rule of thirds is a powerful compositional technique for making photos more interesting and dynamic. It's also perhaps one of the most well known. This article uses examples to demonstrate why the rule works, when it's ok to break the rule, and how to make the most of it to improve your photography.
Many designers, whether traditionally schooled or not, have trouble with composition. I’ve sat with plenty of designers who simply moves things around until they feel ‘right’. Design is, in essence, communication (I know, I know, I rant about this enough, but this isn’t one of them) but the vehicle for communication is the design. One of the key components in the vehicle of communication is composition, and in design schooling it is something that is taught as something you should feel rather than create logically. This has always bothered me.
I got quite apt at planning out pictures with this classical method as the underpinning for composition. I gained a much better understanding of all the Renaissance, Classical and Baroque Art. Even the Impressionists were steeped in the use of geometrically designed compositions.
The “golden ratio” has fascinated artists and mathematicians for over 2000 years. It’s a mathematical formula observed in nature and used by artists, architects, designers, and even musicians in countless ways.
The rule of thirds compositional guideline used in photography has it roots in the fine arts. The first known rule of thirds compositional guideline was introduced around the eighteenth century.
The golden ratio has been known and used since ancient times. Its most common use by artists is to locate their centre of interest. The lines joining the golden section points of opposite edges of the canvas intersect at a spot that is considered to be the most visually pleasing, the “sweet spot”.
The ancient Greek civilization studied shapes, patterns, and proportions that existed in the natural world around them and found that, from among them all, that the "Golden Proportion" was the most simple, beautiful, and perplexing of all. Found naturally in plant and animal form it led the Greeks to theorize that the same natural beauty existant in nature should be utilized in manmade creations (art, architecture, music, etc.) if they, too, were to be thought of as beautiful.
This post is for the graphic designers, photographers, architects, and other "form" designers reading my blog. Since discovering & researching the Golden Ratio, I can sincerely say that my aesthetics has improved dramatically! Not to mention (by utilizing some of the tools I'm about to share with you) the improved productivity I have experienced!
The Golden Mean is a surprising clue to the proportions of the human body. Just look at the different lengths in your own hand and fingers and forearm, and you can see this yourself. The length of tile first finger joint is to the length of the next two joints as those two are to the length of the whole finger! The length of the middle finger is to the length of the palm as the length of the palm is to the length of the whole hand! The length of the hand is to the length of the forearm as the length of the forearm is to the whole length from fingertip to elbow.
How to Use the Golden Ratio to Take Better Pictures (Also Applies to Artists & Designers)
Despite many people’s assumption to the contrary, math is undeniably artistic. It takes a tremendous amount of creative muscle and artistry to devise mathematical solutions. And, as made evident by their frequent battles between elegant symmetry and rampant chaos, the traditional fine arts are chock-full of math. Suffice it to say that math and art are intimately related. Today we’re going to take a look at one of these happy relationships and see how the golden ratio that we talked about last time can make you a better photographer.
Now you can instantly draw the golden sections, or other divine proportions, as an aid to composition. This plugin can draw fibonacci sequences such as the golden sections, golden spiral and the golden triangles. In addition it also can draw the harmonious triangles and the rule of thirds - based on composition through identity. The best way to use the plugin is to output the drawing to a transparent top layer you can move around for cropping.
As the Golden Section is found in the design and beauty of nature, it can also be used to achieve beauty and balance in the design of art. This is only a tool though, and not a rule, for composition. The Golden Section was used extensively by Leonardo Da Vinci. Note how all the key dimensions of the room and the table in Da Vinci's "The Last Supper" were based on the Golden Section, which was known in the Renaissance period as The Divine Proportion.
The Rule of Thirds is the easiest compositional rule to follow in a painting.
If there's something about a painting that simply doesn't feel right but you can't figure out just what it is, go back to the basics. Squint your eyes to check the balance of light and dark tones. Identify the major elements in the composition to see how they related to one another, and check if they work with the Rule of Thirds.
Found in art, architecture, design, and most intriguingly, in nature, this ratio has been used throughout history and today for its aesthetic beauty. Phiculator is a simple tool which, given any number, will calculate the corresponding number according to the golden ratio. Useful to anyone wishing to create anything with divine proportions!
One of the basic rules of composition is the rule of thirds. This is a very basic rule, that is often ignored by amateurs, and can drastically improve your pictures. Here is how this rule works: imagine that you draw lines across your frame to form a tick-tack-toe playing board. (you should end up with nine identical squares). Now the image is divided to thirds, both horizontally and vertically. See the diagram for lines positions.
Photography Composition and The Rule of Thirds (Applies to Artists and Designers as Well)
There's no doubt that the best way to improve your photography and take better pictures is simply to do it and develop your own eye. But there are a few little principles and guides that can be really useful and help to focus your attention when shooting. I've tried to sweep away all the waffle and jargon, and provide a clear introduction to some basic photography composition principles...
Photography Composition with Rule of Thirds(Applies to Art as Well)
To increase the expressiveness of your digital pictures, apply the picture composition rules while taking the photos or modeling their edges.
The Rule of Thirds is probably one of the most basic rules that has been used in painting for ages. It is a compositional rule of thumb that is commonly used in the visual arts today including painting, photography and design.
Perhaps the most well know principle of photographic composition is the ‘Rule of Thirds‘.
The Divine Proportion is often represented by the golden spiral. This is the tool used by artists and sculptors to achieve remarkably accurate proportion and aesthetic composition. In the golden spiral, the ratio of the length of the side of each square to the length of the side of the next smallest square is in the golden ratio; the rectangles formed by the combination of squares are golden rectangles; and at every quarter-turn, the spiral gets wider by a factor of Phi.
can count on one hand the number of rules I will obey without question, based solely on fear of catastrophic consequences: I turn off personal electronics during landing and take-off, I keep my hands inside the ride at all times, I don’t rock vending machines, I resist the urge to climb over zoo fences and I no longer lunge for a police officer’s holstered gun on April Fools Day. Pretty much everything else is up for debate.
There are a number of powerful visual areas within a basic rectangle that artists can use to enhance their compositions. Some of those areas we’ve already talked about in our golden ratio tutorial and in last week’s lesson on rabatment.
The Golden Ratio and Photographic Composition (Beneficial for Artists and Designers as Well)
Composition is fundamental to photography. And, if you are like me, it is often problematic. I have tried to follow the “rule of thirds” in most of my compositions, but there are times, especially in landscape photography where the rule simply is not pleasing to my eyes.
The Golden Ratio has a great impact on art, influencing artists' perspectives of a pleasant art piece. Have you ever wondered why Da Vinci's Mona Lisa looks so beautiful? Da Vinci, a sculpture, painter, inventor and a mathematician, was the first one who first called Phi the Golden Ratio.
The appearance of this ratio in music, in patterns of human behavior, even in the proportion of the human body, all point to its universality as a principle of good structure and design.
What is common for the beauty of a sculpture, picture, simphony, poem, etc? Is it possible to compare the beauty of the temple to the beauty of a nocturne? It appears it is, provided the unified criteria of beauty are found. Among many proportions there is one having unique properties. This proportion is called: "golden section", "golden ratio", "golden number" and "golden mean"..
For centuries artists and designers have used a sum – the golden ratio – to achieve proportion. Here’s how to make it work for you. People studying the golden ratio have found it everywhere from the Pyramids to the Mona Lisa – and even in nature, for example in the veins of leaves. In this tutorial, Roberto Marras shows how to use the golden section in your artwork, to create pieces that work proportionally.
Have you ever wondered why a profound piece of art is so compositionally pleasing? The artist probably employed the use of the Divine Proportion, which is a phenomenon that suggests that there’s a mathematical equation that’s consistent with the aesthetics of good composition. Let’s examine a brief history of the Divine Proportion and its use over the centuries.
Proportion is one of the principles of design. This principle works in tandem with the others, creating overall balance and harmony. Some artists and designers have an instinctive ability to combine different proportions which create harmony in their art work.
Proportion is the relation between elements and a whole. Proportion refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design. The issue is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole. This means that it is necessary to discuss proportion in terms of the context or standard used to determine proportions.
All in all, Leonardo believed that the artist must know not just the rules of perspective, but all the laws of nature. The eye, he believed, was the perfect instrument for learning these laws, and the artist the perfect person to illustrate them.
There are many examples of the Golden Section or Divine Proportion in nature.
Interestingly, dividing two adjacent fibonacci number (8/5 or 21/13, for example) by each other produces increasingly precise approximation of the "Divine Proportion," which we will explore below, as the numbers grow larger.
Any objective observation we make must include a discussion of proportion for it is the rule of proportion in the examination of nature that causes us to observe an organized universe and a universe in chaos, rational and irrational numbers, harmony and discord, truth and falsity. These descriptions are merely proportional effects of the opposition that is inherent in all things.
The Golden Ratio, a Divine Proportion found in mathematics, art and biological systems, is an instrument of measurement and growth efficiency.
So how do you find this special proportion? Divide a straight line in two so that the ratio of the whole length to the larger part is the same as the ratio of the larger part to the smaller part. The result (roughly 1.62 to 1) is the golden ratio.
n a nutshell, it is a ratio of two different numbers. A ratio is “golden” if the relationship of the larger to the smaller number is the same as the ratio between the two numbers added together and the larger number. Numerically, the golden ratio is roughly 1.618 to 1. But for your art, you don't need to worry about the exact number. With a ruler and a pencil, you can quickly divide the entire canvas to create a workable basis for your composition designed around the golden ratio.
Applying Divine Proportion To Your Web Designs (Applies to Setting up Your Art and Drawings as Well)
This article explains what is the Divine proportion and what is the Rule of Thirds and describes how you can apply both of them effectively to your designs. Of course, there are many possibilities. Hopefully, this post will help you to find your way to more effective and beautiful web designs or at least provide some good starting points you can build upon or develop further.